Everything you need to know about the primary clarifier
What is a primary clarifier and how does it work?
A primary clarifier is a piece of wastewater treatment equipment designed to separate heavy solids and grease from the wastewater. This is the first step in wastewater treatment and prepares the wastewater for further treatment steps.
The operation of a primary clarifier is based on gravity: large wastes will float on the surface while heavier muds will settle at the bottom of the tank, i.e. the separation of the solid/liquid/floating phases The supernatant, composed of water and small light wastes, is then sent to the other treatment steps for purification.
The primary clarifier is an important part of the treatment plant because it separates large wastes that can clog the subsequent treatment equipment and optimizes their operation.
Which benefits does using a multi-chamber clarifier offer compared to other types of clarifiers?
Using a multi-chamber clarifier offers many benefits over other types of clarifiers :
- First of all, it performs better because it can handle larger volumes of water.
- With its multi-chamber system, it can perform several treatment steps in a single unit, which reduces capital and operating costs.
- Furthermore, the multi-chamber clarifier is often equipped with more sophisticated mixing and emptying devices, which optimizes the quality of mud separation and improves the efficiency of the treatment plant.
- Finally, compared to other types of clarifiers, the multi-chamber clarifier is capable of handling wastewater with high levels of pollution, making it a popular choice for industrial wastewater treatment plants and cities with high pollution levels
What are the disadvantages of using a primary clarifier?
Primary clarifiers have some disadvantages that may make their use impractical in some situations:
- require a lot of space to install, which can be a problem in densely populated areas or in confined spaces.
- requires regular maintenance to operate properly, which may result in additional costs.
- ineffective in treating effluents with high concentrations of suspended solids, which may require the use of other types of clarificcator to achieve satisfactory results.
- can result in environmental impacts such as the production of sludge and the need for subsequent treatment of treated effluent.
Design criteria for a primary clarifier
- the sedimentation rate which is determined according to the quantity of sediments present in the wastewater and the time required to separate them. It allows to define the residence time necessary for the particles to settle in the tank and to calculate its volume.
- The buffer volume to maintain a sufficient quantity of water to allow the sedimentation of the solid particles
- Sediment storage is important to store the settled mud until it can be disposed of.
- Finally, the denitrification volume is necessary to ensure that the amount of nitrates in the water is reduced enough to meet environmental standards.
How to maintain and clean a primary clarifier?
The primary clarifier is a very important element in the filtration and purification of water.
To ensure its proper functioning, it is important to maintain and clean it regularly.
This is because the mud accumulating at the bottom of the clarifier must be removed at a frequency determined during the sizing process. Therefore, it is necessary to drain the clarifier to avoid the accumulation of mud and the formation of unpleasant odors. All 1h2o3 lamella clarifiers have removable lamella blocks. This way, the clarifier is fully reachable and it is even more convenient to clean the lamellas!
In addition, unlike fiberglass, all materials used in our equipment are 100% recyclable.
In addition to draining the mud, periodic maintenance of the clarifier surfaces is also important to prevent biofilm formation and to ensure the efficiency of the filtration system. It is recommended to use specific cleaning products for clarifiers to avoid damage to the materials.
Benefits of combining a primary decanter with a screening machine
Using a primary clarifier in combination with a screening machine is a good choice for efficient water filtration. The primary clarifier plays an important role in the separation of suspended solids and the formation of mud. The screen, on the other hand, filters out the finer particles remaining in the water after treatment in the primary clarifier.
The advantage of combining these two pieces of equipment lies in :
- Improved filtration efficiency for purer and clearer water
- reduced maintenance costs
- the possibility to get water adapted to specific uses such as irrigation, drinking water supply, etc.
Benefits of combining a primary clarifier with a buffer tank
Combining a primary clarifier with a buffer tank is a wise choice for optimal water management. The primary clarifier separates suspended solids to form mud, while the buffer tank plays an important role in regulating the quantity of water to be treated.
This combination offers many advantages, including:
- constant progress in water quality, even when flows and suspended solids loads vary.
- improved waste management to preserve water quality and ensure a healthy environment
- high flexibility in applications (peak loads of suspended solids, variations in flow rates, etc.)
Benefits of the combination of a primary clarifier with a biological treatment and a lamella clarifier
Combining a primary clarifier, biological treatment and a lamella clarifier optimizes the quality of the treated water and meets environmental standards. This treatment system is often used in industrial applications and wastewater treatment plants to ensure clean and safe water.
Primary clarifiers remove suspended solids and form mud, while biological treatment uses bacteria to break down the organic substances in the water. The lamella clarifier, on the other hand, clarifies the water by separating the remaining particles.
The advantages of combining these three pieces of equipment are numerous:
- Improved quality of treated water
- Adjusting the parameters of each equipment
- Allows better waste management. Actually, the mud formed by the primary decanter can be safely disposed of thanks to the biological treatment and the lamella clarifier, thus preserving the quality of the water and ensuring a healthy environment.