Examples of aquaculture
Mariculture is the branch of aquaculture that cultivates marine organisms. It is practiced either :
- at sea
- in a closed part of the ocean
- in basins or ponds filled with sea water.
Organisms grown in salt water are:
- fish like flounder and whiting
- Seafood (such as shrimp and oysters)
- marine plants (such as kelp and seaweed)
Cosmetics and jewelry such as cultured pearls also use the products of mariculture.
Algacultureis the type of aquaculture that cultivates seaweed. Most of the algae collected are microalgae (phytoplankton, microphytes or planktonic algae) or macroalgae, commonly known as seaweed.
Although macro-algae are used for various commercial purposes, its size and cultivation requirements make it difficult to grow. Microalgae are easier to grow on a large scale.